Extreme heat events are becoming more common due to climate change. In these summer days actually, we can more vividly see how climate change affects weather conditions. All around the world there is an extreme increase in temperature, some countries even state that these high temperatures are one of the highest temperatures they have witnessed.
Climate change is the long term alteration of temperature and typical weather patterns in a place. Climate change can occur in a single place or in the whole world. Climate change is mostly caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels. Burning fossil fuels create greenhouse gases that release to the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun inside the atmosphere causing temperatures to rise. Climate change creates various dangerous situations such as drought, heat waves, precipitation, and river flooding.
Long-term changes in climate can directly or indirectly affect many aspects of society in potentially disruptive ways. For example, warmer average temperatures could increase air conditioning costs and affect the spread of diseases like Lyme disease, but could also improve conditions for growing some crops. More extreme variations in weather are also a threat to society. More frequent and intense extreme heat events can increase illnesses and deaths, especially among vulnerable populations, and damage some crops. While increased precipitation can replenish water supplies and support agriculture, intense storms can damage property, cause loss of life and population displacement, and temporarily disrupt essential services such as transportation, telecommunications, energy, and water supplies.
There are lots of stories that show the effect of climate change. Here are few examples that are recorded:
GREECE: Fires in the western regions of Greece led to 15 people being hospitalized.
GERMANY: Floods in Germany have killed dozens of people and led to thousands of people being evacuated.
TURKEY: Latest fires in Turkey are the worst the country has seen in a decade, as nearly 100,000 hectares have burnt.
CANADA: Canada experiences record breaking temperatures.
CHINA: Extreme storms hit China’ causing roads to collapse, damage to dams and reservoirs, and cutting off power to a hospital. In Zhengzhou, China, expected average rain in a year fell in just three days.
INDIA: In India, rainfall in July was catastrophic and flooding has killed at least 180 people.
There are some ways that we can do to stop climate change. For instance, we can use public transportation or bikes rather than using cars, we can limit our consumption of meat and dairy products, or we can reduce our energy use by making sure that we are living in an energy efficient house. Double glazing, insulation, and low energy light can help your house be energy efficient. Lets focus on these solutions and try to integrate them into our daily life. We can save our world if we work together.
“9 Things You Can Do about Climate Change.” Imperial College London, http://www.imperial.ac.uk/stories/climate-action. Accessed 9 Aug. 2021.
“Climate Change Indicators: Weather and Climate.” US EPA, 12 May 2021, http://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/weather-climate.
Lock, Helen. “From Turkey to China: Shocking Photos of Extreme Weather Around the World in Summer 2021.” Global Citizen, 3 Aug. 2021, http://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/turkey-china-canada-photos-extreme-weather-climate.
“NPR Cookie Consent and Choices.” Npr, 9 Aug. 2021, choice.npr.org/index.html?origin=https://www.npr.org/2021/08/09/1025898341/major-report-warns-climate-change-is-accelerating-and-humans-must-cut-emissions-.
Team, By The Visual Journalism. “US-Canada Heatwave: Visual Guide to the Causes.” BBC News, 2 July 2021, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-57665715.